Symptoms, remedies, treatments and care for Migraine
Headache is a pain arising from the head or upper neck of the body. The pain originates from the tissues and structures that surround the skull or the brain because the brain itself has no nerves that give rise to the sensation of pain (pain fibers). The thin layer of tissue (periosteum) that surrounds bones, muscles that encase the skull, sinuses, eyes, and ears, as well as thin tissues that cover the surface of the brain and spinal cord (meninges), arteries, veins, and nerves, all can become inflamed or irritated and cause headache. The pain may be a dull ache, sharp, throbbing, constant, intermittent, mild, or intense.
Migraine usually causes recurrent headaches that are from moderate to severe, but it is much more than just a severe headache. Migraine is a neurological disease with extremely incapacitating neurological symptoms. It’s typically a severe throbbing recurring pain, usually on one side of the head but in many cases, both sides are affected. In some cases, other disabling symptoms are present without head pain. Migraine attacks are often accompanied by one or more of the following disabling symptoms including visual disturbances, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, extreme sensitivity to sound, light, touch and smell, and tingling or numbness in the extremities or face. The pain is generally made worse by physical activity.
The exact cause of migraines is not known. Changes in neurotransmitter levels within the brain are thought to play a role.
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